The Neolithic British Isles refers to the period of British, Irish and Manx history that spanned from c. 4000 to c. 2,500 BCE. The final part of the Stone Age in the British Isles, it was a part of the greater Neolithic, or “New Stone Age“, across Europe.
Humans first settled down and began farming. They continued to make tools and weapons from flint. Some tools stayed the same from earlier periods in history, such as scrapers for preparing hides.
But the Neolithic also saw the introduction of new stone tool. First there was a movement away from using microliths to make spears and arrows as composite weapons and instead the universal adoption of flint arrow heads.
Neolithic tools were often retouched all over, by pressure flaking, giving a characteristic appearance and were often laboriously polished, again giving them a distinctive look.
Pottery also developed in this period and there are examples of Neolithic Pottery recorded in this collection
Neolithic Polishing Stone
Provenance – Found near the River Ter Valley, Chelmsford, Essex
Description – This Polishing Stone is made from sandstone, which is not naturally found in Essex, the closest sandstone cliffs are in Norfolk. Interestingly this object has three lines around the entire circumference and the implement has also been cut neatly in half. it may have been used for polishing small stones / beads for jewellery or even for sharpening blades.
Size – 5 cm x 5 cm
Weight – 110g
Age / Period – Neolithic 4000 BCE – 2500 BCE