M048 – Mesolithic / Mousterian Hand Axe (British Find)

Mesolithic stone tools

The Mesolithic is the name given to the period between the end of the last ice age, In Britain the Mesolithic (Middle Stone) period began around 12,000 years ago as the climate began to warm up at the end of the last Ice Age. Trees and plants began to grow again and forest animals such as deer crossed the land bridge that then linked Britain to Europe.

This period in history was the beginning of settled farming around 5,500 years ago. This period saw a big movement of people and many hunting parties began to visit England regularly, Eventually the British Isles became their home.

Mesolithic Hand Axe / Mousterian tools

Provenance – Found close to the River Ter Valley near Chelmsford, Essex

Description – It is very likely that this tool is Palaeolithic and belongs to the Mousterian culture / Neanderthal. I have seen almost identical objects recorded for this time in prehistory. Until further evidence, this item is listed in thge middle stone age / any help would be much appreciated.

Size – 15cm x 7.5cm

Weight – 269g

Age – 8000 BCE – 4000 BCE

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