Ancient Terracotta Vessel dating from the Bronze Age
Provenance: Bought at auction via Catawiki
Acquisition from O.G.; formerly from an old British collection formed in the 1980s. Item sold by Pax Romana Auctions, London
Age: c. 2nd-1st Millennium BC
Period: Bronze Age Europe
The Bronze Age is a prehistoric period that was characterised by the use of bronze, in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilisation. The Bronze Age is the second principal period of the three-age Stone-Bronze-Iron system, as proposed in modern times by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, for classifying and studying ancient societies.
An ancient civilisation is defined to be in the Bronze Age either by producing bronze by smelting its own copper and alloying with tin, arsenic, or other metals, or by trading for bronze from production areas elsewhere. Bronze is harder and more durable than other metals available at the time, allowing Bronze Age civilisation’s to gain a technological advantage.
The Chalcolithic (also Aeneolithic, Copper Age) period of Prehistoric Europe, lasted roughly from 3500 to 1700 BC.
It was a period of Megalithic culture, the appearance of the first significant economic stratification, and probably the earliest presence of Indo-European speakers.
The economy of the Chalcolithic, even in the regions where copper was not yet used, was no longer that of peasant communities and tribes: some materials began to be produced in specific locations and distributed to wide regions. Mining of metal and stone was particularly developed in some areas, along with the processing of those materials into valuable goods.