Palaeolithic Stone Tools
The Palaeolithic is often divided into lower, middle and upper. British Isles: Humans probably first arrived in Britain around 800,000 BC. These early inhabitants had to cope with extreme environmental changes and they left Britain at least seven times when conditions became too bad.
The period lasted between 800,000 and 12,000 years ago which saw the end of the last Ice Age.
Very few sites of habitation are known.
The earliest is at Happisburgh (Pronounced Hazeboro) on the Norfolk coast and another is near the village of Boxgrove, just outside Chichester in West Sussex, which is 550,000 years old.
Many of the Palaeolithic tools found in England have been found in river terrace gravels where they were deposited by the waters from rivers and melting glaciers.
Palaeolithic / Clactonian – Chisel / Point Stone Tool
Provenance – Found near the River Ter Valley, near Chelmsford, Essex.
Description – This interesting Palaeolithic stone age tool is point or chisel, the end of the tool is now broken or blunt. The cortex remains on one side and there are lots of striking ripples and bulbs of percussion evident. The flint is a brown / black colour.
This particular tool is Clactonian in origin.
The Clactonian is the name given by archaeologists to an industry of European flint tool manufacture that dates to the early part of the interglacial period known as the Hoxnian, the Mindel-Riss or the Holstein stages (c. 400,000 years ago). Clactonian tools were made by Homo heidelbergensis.
Size – 9 cm x 10.5 cm
Weight – 298g
Age – 400,000
Found in February 2021