The Neolithic British Isles refers to the period of British, Irish and Manx history that spanned from c. 4000 to c. 2,500 BCE. The final part of the Stone Age in the British Isles, it was a part of the greater Neolithic, or “New Stone Age“, across Europe.
Humans first settled down and began farming. They continued to make tools and weapons from flint. Some tools stayed the same from earlier periods in history, such as scrapers for preparing hides.
But the Neolithic also saw the introduction of new stone tool. First there was a movement away from using microliths to make spears and arrows as composite weapons and instead the universal adoption of flint arrow heads.
Neolithic tools were often retouched all over, by pressure flaking, giving a characteristic appearance and were often laboriously polished, again giving them a distinctive look.
Pottery also developed in this period and there are examples of Neolithic Pottery recorded in this collection
Neolithic Stone Hand Sculpture
Provenance – Found near the River Ter Valley, Chelmsford, Essex
Description – This incredible item was found sticking out of the wall of a ditch alongside a matching stone sculpture, although sadly the second item N070 is broken and not complete.
This item however is in incredible condition. I am pretty sure that both of these items are painted too. they are polished also. Whatever reason for them being made, they must have been incredibly important. They were found at the centre of the site I have been field walking.
Size – 7.1 cm x 6.4 cm
Weight – 208g
Age / Period – Neolithic 4000 BCE – 2500 BCE