The Neolithic British Isles refers to the period of British, Irish and Manx history that spanned from c. 4000 to c. 2,500 BCE. The final part of the Stone Age in the British Isles, it was a part of the greater Neolithic, or “New Stone Age“, across Europe.
Humans first settled down and began farming. They continued to make tools and weapons from flint. Some tools stayed the same from earlier periods in history, such as scrapers for preparing hides.
But the Neolithic also saw the introduction of new stone tool. First there was a movement away from using microliths to make spears and arrows as composite weapons and instead the universal adoption of flint arrow heads.
Neolithic tools were often retouched all over, by pressure flaking, giving a characteristic appearance and were often laboriously polished, again giving them a distinctive look.
Pottery also developed in this period and there are examples of Neolithic Pottery recorded in this collection
Neolithic Hammer Stone / Grinding Stone
Provenance – Found near the River Ter Valley, Chelmsford, Essex
Description – This Brown pebble has been halved and smoothed on two sides. Interestingly these forms of working stone tools are common around this site. They have all been halved and smoothed in one way or another. The stone most likely had two functions. i. A Hammer Stone ii. A Grinding Stone possibly as away to smooth and polish working flint tools.
Size – 7 cm x 6.6 cm
Weight – 398g
Age / Period – Neolithic 4000 BCE – 2500 BCE